Merle French Bulldogs: A Colorful Canine Delight

 Merle French Bulldog! Although they have a distinctive and uncommon appearance, Merle French Bulldogs are not without controversy.

Merle French bulldogs are not well-liked by purists of the breed. I'll be honest; I fell in love with some pictures of a breeder's animals when I saw them on social media. Some of the ones I saw are particularly adorable, and they have appealing colouring.

This article's goal is to educate you about this peculiar colouration and the things you need to know about it. I conducted some research, and what I read and discovered left me feeling incredibly depressed.

This, in my opinion, is a contentious issue within the French Bulldog community. That said, I nonetheless desired to write this article.

Background and Historical Significance

merle french bulldog

It's important to note that Merle coat colouration is not a recognised French Bulldog colour variation because it is not present in purebred French Bulldogs. The majority of the time, French Bulldog and Chihuahuas have been crossed to introduce the colour pattern.

The Merle French Bulldog was created for owners who wanted a Frenchie with style and the potential to put on a magnificent display. The most prevalent and distinctive coat colour is merle. The Frenchie's base coat's lightning creates a Merle pattern.

As a result, the dark patches continue to exist, giving the pups the Merle trait. The most prevalent markings on their fur are dark brown or black, and the dominant colour is typically a mixture of white, cream, or fawn with dark colours. Numerous different markings can be found on their fur.

The Merle must be bred with a French Bulldog and a Frenchie that has previously undergone crossbreeding with chihuahua in order to achieve its stunning colours. The most expensive and rarest dog breed is the Merle.

Due to the high defect rate in the last ten years, these puppies have become a hot topic of conversation, and as a result, the dog's brilliant colouring is gradually fading.

Unique Appearance and Gorgeous Coat

The unquestionably eye-catching coat of the Merle French Bulldog is one of its most alluring characteristics. There are different colours of merles that can exist depending on the dominant gene that is diluted. Black, Blue, and Lilac are three of the most sought-after shades because they are associated with rare French Bulldogs.

. Black Merle French Bulldog:

The Black Merle French Bulldog is a result of a black dominant gene.

The other coat colours are pushed out by this. The dominant gene shines through in the three Frenchie colours of black, tan, and fawn, giving the Black Merle its colour and name.

. Blue Merle French Bulldog:

Although they are actually black Frenchies whose base colour has been slightly diluted to give their hair a blue tint,

Blue Merle French Bulldogs are commonly referred to as blue-gene dog breeds. The eyes of Blue Merle French Bulldogs are unusually shaped. Through adulthood, they get to keep their bright blue eyes, which are then lighter than those of standard French Bulldogs.

. Lilac Merle French Bulldog:

The hardest-to-find Frenchie is the Lilac Merle, which is the most uncommon breed. 

Lilac is essentially a combination of the base coat colours of chocolate and blue. Once more diluted, the lilac colour can now be seen through the blue. 

The Lilac Merle also has light-coloured eyes that remain that colour throughout their lives and are the colour that is most likely to cause health issues.

Exposing the Merle French Bulldogs' Health Concerns

The Merle gene produces the distinct coat pattern that gives Merle French Bulldogs their charming appearance.

However, a number of health issues have also been linked to this specific gene. "Double Merle" is a condition that can result from breeding two Merle dogs. These health issues are more likely to occur as a result of this genetic combination, including:

. Impairments to vision and hearing:

Merle French Bulldogs are more prone to blindness and hearing loss. 85% of Double Merles in this breed are either deformed, deaf, blind, or have colour dilution alopecia.

. Coat and Skin Issues:

The Blue Merle French Bulldog is known for having skin inflammation issues that can lead to skin ruptures.

. Immune Disorders:

The immune systems of double Merle dogs may be weak, making them more susceptible to autoimmune diseases.

These conditions may show up as persistent inflammation and other medical issues. The French Bulldog with Blue Merles has the shortest life expectancy.

Buying a Merle French Bulldog

It makes sense why people would want to own a French Bulldog. The Merle French Bulldog is a sought-after pet because they are fascinating, adorable, and amazing little puppies with a lust for all things incredibly rare.

Make sure to research this breed variation before deciding what to do.

There aren't many Merle French Bulldog breeders, probably because breeding these little Frenchies can be very difficult.

Thankfully, most states now have requirements that must be met in order to breed and sell these little Frenchies. I don't feel comfortable providing a list of reliable breeders for this breed, but you should make sure the breeder satisfies the requirements listed below:

. On this one, DNA is significant. You should confirm that DNA profiling and canine department tests for DNA are both available. This enables you to confirm that the French Bulldog you are purchasing is a genuine Merle.

. Verify that all necessary immunisations and preventative measures have been administered. comprising remedies for fleas, worms, and ticks. Additionally, you'll need to put this in writing and include your future dog's vaccination record.

. Obtain a comprehensive veterinary examination and a health guarantee. A year is the ideal time frame.

Although the AKC does not recognise the Merle colour, I would advise you to make sure that your breeder has registered with them. On this subject, I came across contradictory information. Some websites claim to have filed with the AKC, while others claim that lying about the colour combinations is the only way to do so. It is best to conduct further research before buying any variety of French Bulldog because the AKC has blacklisted a number of French Bulldog colours.

These uncommon coloured Frenchies can cost anywhere between $6,000 and $12,000, and in some cases even more.


Despite the Merle French Bulldog's distinctive appearance, which is undeniably alluring, it is crucial to put their health and well-being first.

Your beloved pet will live a full and active life if you adopt responsible ownership practices and are aware of the potential health problems linked to the Merle gene.

Due to the breed's potential for severe birth defects, which can even be fatal, I would want to ensure that Merle Frenchies breeders were highly educated, as well as that all breeding was done correctly to maintain the same percentage of birth defects in French Bulldogs as a whole.

Is a merle French Bulldog rare?

Due to the particular genetic combination needed to produce the merle coat pattern, Merle French Bulldogs are indeed rare.

Why are merle Frenchies so expensive?

The Merle coat is expensive because most dog owners find it exotic. Merle French bulldog puppies are more susceptible to health problems than the typical French bulldog puppy. They struggle with eye, hearing, and skin problems. Multiple health issues are more likely in double merle Frenchies.

Is merle dog safe?

This is not at all harmful or unhealthy as long as a dog only carries one copy of the merle gene. A dog only experiences health issues when he is a double merle, which occurs when he possesses two copies of the merle gene.

Are merle dogs healthy?

Dogs with two copies of the merle gene variant, inherited from both parents, are more likely to experience issues with their eyes and ears, which could result in blindness or deafness.

Can two merle dogs mate?

Each puppy in a litter that results from the mating of two merle dogs has a 25% chance of being a double merle. A double merle inherits two copies of the merle gene. One copy of the merle gene results in lighter patches spread throughout the solid-coloured coat, giving the coat a marbling appearance.

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